Heart valves control the flow of blood from one chamber to another. Normally, each of the valves opens wide enough to let blood flow through it, then closes tightly to stop leaking backward.
When one or more valves are not working the way they should, you have valve disease. Valve disease may be a condition you were born with, or it may occur in valves that were once healthy. Rheumatic heart disease or infections can scar valves. The natural aging of your body can cause valves to become thick or hardened.
Two common problems caused by valve disease are narrowing of the valve opening and leaking of a valve. When a valve narrows or leaks, blood flow is restricted. This puts strain on the heart and can lead to heart failure and irregular heart rhythms.
Sometimes medication can improve heart function, but often surgery is needed to repair or replace diseased heart valve.
Ascending Aortic Aneurysm
Ascending Aortic Aneurysm occurs when the aorta, the large vessel leading out of the left ventricle, may become enlarged and dilated. Such areas are called aneurysms.
Depending on the severity of the aneurysm, it may require surgical repair.
An Atrial Septal Defect (ADS) occurs when there is a hole in the wall or septum between the right and left atrium, the upper chambers of the heart. The hole in the wall allows blood to flow both directions between the right and left atrium.
This is caused by an interruption in development of the septum during fetal development. An Atrial Septal Defect is repaired surgically by patching or closing the opening with sutures.
A Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) occurs when a hole develops between the right and left ventricle. This allows blood to flow from the left ventricle to the right ventricle and to recirculate through the lungs. VSD may occur during fetal development or after a myocardial infarction (heart attack). A Ventricular Septal Defect may be repaired surgically with sutures or by patching the hole.