It is important to have your cardiac or heart status checked at regular intervals. Initially, this is part of your annual physical examination with your physician. During your visit, you should tell the physician about any family members who had or have heart disease.
Your physician will determine which tests are necessary for you to have to determine the present status of your heart. The most common tests check the function of your heart and the flow of blood in your body.
For example, you may be asked to have blood drawn and have an electrocardiogram (EKG) done. Other tests maybe ordered by your doctor.
The best treatment for heart disease is prevention. There are identified risk factors, which if avoided can prevent heart disease.
In other words you need to change unhealthy habits. Making changes to reduce risks can help your heart from getting worse and in some cases even improve the health of you heart.
Lifestyle styles changes are focused on decreasing or eliminating risk factors.
• If you smoke, stop
• If you have high blood pressure, eat heart healthy foods and exercise
• If you have high blood cholesterol, eat heart healthy food and exercise
• If you do not exercise, start
• If you are overweight, lose it, eat healthy and exercise
• If you are under stress, explore ways to decrease stress and exercise
• If you have diabetes, follow the treatment plan prescribed for you.
Your physician may determine that your heart disease can be treated with a combination of diet, exercise, and possibly medication.
Your diet will be changed so that you can lower your cholesterol, improve your blood pressure, and lose weight. Eating less fat and salt, and eating more fiber is essential. Your doctor may suggest that you see a dietician to assist you with meal planning.
Your exercise routine can be a simple as walking regularly, for example 30 minutes daily. You should build up slowly and begin exercising at least 3 times per week. Your final goal should be exercising four to five times per week for 20-40 minutes.
Should your physician prescribe medication for you to take, be sure to follow the directions. Ask your physician if there are any side effects you should be aware of.
Procedures can be used to treat chest pain or angina, and coronary artery disease. These include balloon angioplasty, atherectomy (rotoblation), and stent placement
Coronary Artery Bypass surgery is the most common heart surgery performed. The surgery creates a new route for blood to flow to your heart.